Rod Blagojevich, a renowned American politician and television personality stated the importance of healthcare by marking his words - “ Healthcare is not a privilege. It is a right. It is a right as fundamental as civil rights. It is a right as fundamental as giving every child a chance to get a public education”.
Abraham Lincoln also marked the importance of health and health care rights by calling the injustice in health care as the most inhuman treatment among all inequalities.
Keeping this importance of health and healthcare in mind United Nations describes right to health and health care services as a human right. It states that every individual has the right to the highest achievable standard of physical and mental health. It includes access to all medical services, sanitation, nutrition, decent housing, healthy working conditions, and clean surroundings.
The constitution of World Health Organization defines the following healthcare as rights for every individual:
Access- Right to all attainable services to address one’s healthcare needs.
Safety – Right to get the safe and fine healthcare services.
Participation – Right to participate in all decisions related to one’s healthcare services.
Communication – Right to receive proper communication about the healthcare services like options for treatment and costs in a clear way.
Respect – Right to get professional care with respect, dignity and consideration.
Privacy – Right to privacy and confidentiality of one’s personal health information.
Comment – Right to comment and show concern to matters related to one’s health.
These all rights are guided by the principles of universality, availability, dignity, quality, equality, transparency and accountability. The healthcare rights are the fundamental rights that belong to every person, from their birth to their death. They apply indifferently to everyone regardless of where do you belong from, or how have you chosen to live your life.
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